Well, yes, Artificial Intelligence here. These are androids. The Human Torch was cover-featured on Marvel Comics #1 (October 1939), and this blurry reprint of Carl Burgos’ work is from the 1990 reprint [© 2021 Marvel]. And the Silver Age Red Tornado (unlike the Golden Age’s Ma Hunkel) was eventually revealed to be an android. Justice League of America #64 [(August 1968) TM & © DC] is by Gardner Fox, Dick Dillin, and Sid Greene.